Dark spots on the skin are the most common, is caused by excessive sun exposure over time. This happens because the sun’s rays stimulate the production of melanin, which is the pigment that gives skin its color. However, hormonal alterations, the use of medications and other factors that act on melanocytes give rise to various spots on the face and body.
Learn how to identify and how to remove the 8 main types of dark spots on the skin:
1. Dark spots on the face
Melasma is a dark spot that appears on the face, near the cheeks and forehead, being very common in pregnancy or in menopause due to hormonal changes. These alterations irritate the melanocytes that leave darker areas in certain areas of the face. These usually appear or worsen when the person stays exposed to the sun for a long time.
How to remove:
Apply daily sunscreen with maximum protection factor and avoid prolonged exposure to the sun, as well as sources of heat, such as entering hot cars parked in the sun or using the oven. In addition to this, you can place a cream or ointment to lighten the skin, hydroquinone being the indicated, however, should not be used for more than 4 weeks. Other options for the treatment of these spots can be Vitanol A and cream with acids such as Klassis or Adapalene. Continue reading:Prevent sunspots with natural sunscreen
2. Stains caused by the sun
Stains caused by the sun occur more often in people with clear or dark skin, who stay exposed to the sun for a long time without using sunscreen. The most affected parts of the body are the hands, arms, face, and neck, and although it is more common after 40 years of age, they can also appear in younger people.
How to remove :
The clearest and most superficial can be eliminated with exfoliation of 2 in 2 weeks. When there is a greater number of spots it is recommended to go to the dermatologist to indicate the most suitable products. This is important because when the person has many spots of this type, the person has a higher risk of developing skin cancer, and the doctor can assess whether the spots he has are at risk or not. The use of creams to rinse may be a good option but treatments such as laser, intense pulsed light and peeling also give excellent results.
3. Red spots on the skin
Dermatitis that manifests through red spots on the skin can be the result of an allergy, and can cause brown spots on the skin that itch and may appear after eating allergenic foods, such as shrimp, strawberry or peanut; These spots can also arise after applying products on the skin such as creams, perfumes or cosmetics, or using objects that are in contact with the skin such as bracelets or necklaces.
How to remove :
It may be indicated to apply a cream based on corticosteroids twice a day until the symptoms diminish. It is recommended to consult a dermatologist to identify the cause of the allergy so that you can avoid contact with what caused it.
4. Mycosis or Pityriasis Versicolor
Pityriasis Versicolor or also known as the beach fungus arises due to an infection caused by a fungus that causes the appearance of several small white spots on the skin, and over time the mycosis is spread throughout the skin. Generally people believe that the fungus caught on the beach, but usually not, what happens is that after tanning is easier to observe the presence of these whitish areas.
The cause of this mycosis is a fungus that lives in human skin, in a controlled quantity, but when the immune system of the person is compromised it is common that there is a greater proliferation of this fungus in the skin, giving rise to mycosis.
How to remove :
In this case, it is recommended to apply an antifungal cream on the skin, 2 times a day, for 3 weeks. When the area to be treated is very large, wrapping the entire back, it may be necessary to take an oral antifungal, such as Fluconazole, under medical indication.
5. Stain or burn caused by lemon
Phytophotodermatitis is the scientific name for skin lesions caused by lemon. It is enough that the lemon comes into contact with the skin of the person and immediately it is exposed to the sun, what happens next is that the skin with the lemon and the sun react, being able to generate a burn or small dark spots on the skin, especially in the hands.
How to remove :
It is recommended to wash the skin well, apply a cream with hydroquinone, 3 to 4 times a day. Avoid placing products on the affected skin such as perfumes or cosmetics. It is also important to always use the sunscreen on the affected area so that the treatment is effective.
6. Diabetes spots
Acanthuses nigricans is the scientific name for dark spots that arise around the neck, skin folds, armpits and below the breasts. These spots appear in people who have insulin resistance or diabetes. However, although it is rarer, this type of spots can also appear in people with cancer.
How to remove :
The dermatologist should be consulted, who will prescribe whitening creams and identify the cause of acanthosis nigricans. In addition, when it is caused by excess weight, the patient should lose weight as this will facilitate the treatment of uniform skin tone.
Vitiligo is a disease that causes white patches to appear on the skin, especially in places such as the genitals, elbows, knees, face, feet, and hands. It can arise at any age and its causes are not yet known.
How to throw:
It is recommended to consult the dermatologist to start the appropriate treatment according to each particular case. You can use creams that make skin tone even but the use of sunscreen is essential because the clear skin is more likely to develop skin cancer.
8. Stains on the face due to acne
The scar of the pimples is a very common cause of skin blemishes in young adolescents, arising, mainly, after the treatment of severe acne, for example.
How to remove :
A good treatment to standardize the skin tone is to spend rosehip oil 2 to 3 times a day on the scar, avoiding exposure to the sun. But in addition to this, it is also important to maintain the oiliness of the skin controlled, with anti-acne treatments. When the person no longer presents any black spots or pimples can be indicated treatments to lighten the skin such as the use of creams with acids, peeling with acids, microagujamiento and aesthetic treatments such as laser or pulsed light.
How to remove birthmarks
Birthmarks can be reddish or darker than the skin tone, and usually do not respond well to any type of treatment being a characteristic that the person possesses. But when it causes much embarrassment, the person can go to the dermatologist to evaluate the treatments that can be indicated, because it will depend on their location and the depth of each spot.
The peeling with acids that removes the outermost and intermediate layer of the skin and the laser treatment can be some indicated options to remove this type of stain on the skin. Making a tattoo taking advantage of the format and location of the stain can also be a more positive way to live in peace with the stain.
Care to increase treatment success
The 4 essential cares to prevent the appearance of new spots on the skin, and to prevent those that already exist are even darker, are:
- Always wear a sunscreen with a high protection factor before leaving home;
- Daily hydrate the skin of the whole body and face, using own creams for each type,
- Avoid excessive sun exposure;
- Do not squeeze pimples or blackheads as they can leave dark marks on the skin.
This care should be taken during the treatment of any type of skin blemish.
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