Excess mucus production: Causes, diagnosis and treatment
Excessive production of mucus, especially the mucus is green or brown, is indicative of a purulent sinus infection. A long-standing infection can be very uncomfortable for the patient, causing symptoms such as heaviness of the head, a feeling of tiredness, a change in voice and even relapsing fever.
The most common cause of this type of problem is a bacterial infection. These infections often have few symptoms, however there has been a recent emergence of more resistant strains of bacteria that last longer and produce more than a reaction of the immune system.
The most common treatments at home speak as increased humidity, air conditioning or dryness will not help relieve the symptoms of these infections as the cause is not environmental origin. A differential diagnosis of allergic rhinitis should also be considered when some of the symptoms overlap with bacterial infection. The pus is seen in this case, however, is clear and thin in nature, since it is not infected.
The basic reaction of the body that results in the symptoms mentioned above is relatively simple. The infection causes excessive production of mucus in the epithelium lining the sinuses. This, when combined with some anatomical predisposition as insufficient opening of the sinuses, give rise to what is commonly known as a sinus blockage.
The natural flow of mucus is clogged. This block also may be caused by a polyp formed as a result of the proliferation of the nasal mucosa.
Another thing that commonly occurs is a secondary infection in addition to the primary infection. This is sure to lead to a worsening of symptoms. Smoking is a habit that should be avoided at all costs, because it irritates the nasal mucosa more and can dramatically increase the severity of the problem.
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The doctor will require a good quality breast X-ray and maybe even a coronal CT scan. If an examination by the specialist in otolaryngology has not been done then, it is a must too. Extensive research will help doctors decide whether the non-invasive treatment or other treatment options should be considered.
Treatment options vary depending on the final diagnosis however, include the use of antibiotics, endoscopic surgery to drain pus. This is known as the fiber optic endoscopic surgery. Symptoms associated with this problem quite relieved after surgery and achieved a marked increase in the quality of life of patients.
There is a likelihood of recurrence of symptoms if an opening is not right breast during surgery.
The post-operative care
This part of the treatment is as important as the treatment itself. Care after long-term medication is common in these cases. This will include nasal sprays, antihistamines, as well as regular monitoring (every 3-6 months) under the surgeon otolaryngologist.
Antihistamine medication may have to be continued for a long life in some cases.