We are in October and it is time to grow garlic, one of the most loved and particular aromatic plants: here’s how to do it, both at home and in the garden.
If you are a fan of garlic then you need to know that time is right! In October and November, the magic begins and in a few steps, you can have as much as you want: the methods to grow it are at your disposal, whether you have a pot at home or a small vegetable garden available.
This plant does not require who knows what green thumb, equipment, or technique: garlic is quite autonomous, it is enough to respect a few simple rules within everyone’s reach.
Get … some garlic
To make garlic it takes garlic. To find garlic cloves, or “garlic cloves”, it is advisable to go to specialized shops or make sure that the garlic purchased at the supermarket is completely organic and untreated. In fact, chemicals, in addition to being unhealthy, would also block the germination of the cloves.
The Italian climate is suitable from north to south for garlic, but make sure you opt for native and non-imported garlic, precisely because we do not know if the climate here would be suitable for Peruvian garlic or from who knows where. There are over thirty Italians, coming from the spontaneous varieties of which our land is full: there are Piacenza, Vessalico, Nubia red, Caraglio, Ufita, Resia garlic, and many others.
Plant cloves to get new heads
Once you have opened the head of garlic you can separate the various cloves, without removing the film that covers them and avoiding the innermost ones. you can now plant them flush with the ground and with the apex facing up, it is from this point that the sprout appears. Both in pots and in the field, garlic grows well if each bulb is 12-15 centimeters apart. Between one row and the other, on the other hand, in the case of large spaces, the rows of cloves must be buried in dunes of land, spaced 35 cm apart.
Ground? Fertilized, not too hydrated, Ph 6.5
Garlic really likes soft and well-draining soil with a PH between 6.5 and 7. In general, garlic prefers humus-rich soils, even if it grows well even in drier conditions: if the soil does not it is fertilized from previous crops, it is possible to add specific manure for sowing.
Beware of stagnant water!
As anticipated, garlic is autonomous even during cultivation, but be careful: stagnation of water is fatal. So follow these rules:
- choose draining soils;
- if you have clayey soil, then dig small channels close to the dunes in which to plant the cloves;
- water them only in the early stages or as soon as you plant the cloves (don’t worry, garlic grows even in a drought!);
- if you have a vase, check that there is never any accumulation of water on the bottom
The sun is a fundamental element for garlic during sowing and up to the time of harvest, so put it on a windowsill if you grow it at home, or choose a corner of the garden that is often exposed to the sun. The temperature that allows the garlic to germinate is between 15 and 18 ° C
When to pick it up
Sprouts appear 20 days after sowing. In May, the flower could appear, which would empty the growing bulb: by removing the floral scalp, however, we would allow the bulb to continue growing. The garlic is ready for harvesting within 8-10 months, when the leaves that come out of the ground have yellowed and become almost dry (many believe it dead, but dry leaves and an empty stem are synonymous with a head of full and luxuriant garlic!): we are talking about July if sowing took place in October / November.
Let it dry
The collected heads must dry, either accumulated on their own vegetative parts (the long and dry leaves) or in a shaded and ventilated place but raised from the ground.