Skin diseases that cause itching, what are and how to care?

Skin diseases that cause itching are different. The sensation of pruritus is typically a consequence of an infection, of an inflammation or an irritation. Sometimes the whole is to be attributed simply to the dryness of the skin. In this case, just remedy with the appropriate moisturizing products. Other times, however, it is an alarm bell that indicates a more severe disease. Let’s see what diseases lurk behind the itching and for each of them what are the cures to be pursued.

Skin Diseases

Credit: Google Image

Candidiasis

Candidiasis consists of a fungus infection which mainly affects individuals who have low immunity. It can also be transmitted through unprotected sex. There are various types of this fungal infection. That of the skin and nails is manifested by granulomas, increasing the thickness of the skin, warts, which also affect the mouth; larynx and esophagus. There are also the digestive system and the respiratory candidiasis.

To treat it should be used antifungals. In particular, for the skin it is the azole drugs, which do not eliminate the fungus, but are blocking the proliferation, so that they can enter into action the immune system. There are also creams, gels and vaginal washes that can be used when the disease presents as an isolated incident.

Impetigo

The impetigo is a skin infection affecting the face and limbs. At the beginning of fluid-filled blisters appear. Then they break and form a yellowish crust. The skin near the rind turns red and you have very itchy. The disease is caused by Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes from.

For the treatment, it is sometimes necessary to resort to antibiotics, either by mouth or through injections. It was introduced on the market a formulation based on retapamulin, an antibiotic ointment that can be used in addition to traditional creams. They make application 2 or 3 times a day, according to medical advice.

Pediculosis

Pediculosis is a disease caused by parasites, especially lice. It mainly affects the head, pubic area, but in general the whole body. The most characteristic symptoms consist of small lesions that surround the area where the bite occurred, or there may be other injuries due to friction.

In rare cases, you can get to the formation of erythema and swelling.

To remedy this, it is appropriate to treat the clothes with insect repellents and is given the ivermectin. It should be taken an initial dose, which will be followed by two more at the minimum distance of a week. However, there are also special shampoos, which may be useful to combat pests and itching that you determine.

Dermatitis

Dermatitis consists of an inflammation of the skin. The causes are various, from infections to allergic reactions. Besides, there are also various types of dermatitis by contact, seborrheic, herpetiformis, atopic. Can be counted among the dermatitis also psoriasis, which is characterized by the appearance of red spots or whitish, scaly, it varies in size and shape, which generally tend to recidivarsi.

For some types you can use specific products, such as shampoo or steroid creams to be applied topically. If the itching and irritation are particularly high, you can also take antihistamines. For other forms, such as psoriasis, there is no curative therapy; in this case they must be placed at points of therapeutic interventions custom.

Scabies

Scabies is a skin infection, of which the main symptom is constituted by the formation of small bumps and painful blisters caused all annidarsi pests in the surface layers of the skin to lay eggs. The disease is caused by a mite, which cannot survive away from the human skin. On the skin can be seen traces distinct, which constitute the wavy lines, short, reddish or dark, that focus specifically around your wrist, and between fingers.

You can also develop rashes with erythema. The most common symptom is made ​​from a very severe itching, which may worsen at night or after a hot bath. In fact, the activity of the mites increases precisely because of a higher temperature. Scabies is contagious and is transmitted through contact between the skins or through sexual intercourse. Typically, the infection occurs in places quite crowded.

There are special creams or lotions to kill mites. These ointments should be applied on the whole body and not just on the area, in which there are signs. The cream must be from 8 to 12 hours before being allowed to wash. In the case of superimposed bacterial infection, your doctor may also prescribe antibiotics. Other treatments consist in antihistamines to relieve itching and a hydro cortisone cream to combat the rash.

You may also like...

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *