Alcohol: Effects of consumption, hazardous drinking and dependence

Among the drugs classified as central nervous system depressants, are alcoholic beverages. Alcohol is a substance found in fermented beverages such as wine, beer, cider and other, or distilled as brandy, rum, brandy, gin, whiskey, etc. The alcohol content is not the same on all drinks and is indicated by alcoholic strength, for example, it means that there are 12 in 1000 ml of drink 120 ml of ethyl alcohol 96.

Alcoholism is a tacked-metabolic disease influenced by continued exposure of the body to alcohol. It is characterized by an insatiable desire to drink the substance, loss of control not to continue drinking after, you begin physical dependence or onset of symptoms after withdrawal, and tolerance or need to increase the amount of alcohol ingested. Often the person’s activities revolve around the substance; you may spend a lot of time to get it, take it and recover from its effects. However, you see the consequences, both physical and psychological that causes consumption continues consuming.

Alcohol Effects of consumption

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There is an enzyme in the body responsible for destroying alcohol, called aldehyde dehydrogenase, but not all people possess equally. In man we can be found in two places, first in the lining of the stomach and then in the liver, whereas the woman has only this enzyme in the liver does not own in the stomach or, in any case, is in a percentage 80 times lower. A man can absorb 25% of the alcohol consumed in the stomach, while women do not, so it is less resistant to its effects. Once in the liver alcohol is metabolized, also generating other toxic substances to the body.

All alcohol the liver is unable to absorb into the blood (BAC) and from there goes straight to the brain, affecting the central nervous system. There are some rare cases where the person does not possess dehydrogenate in your body, are those individuals that alcohol not feeling well, producing them nausea, diarrhea, heat, flushing, etc. so they cannot take.

It is possible to measure the overall consumption of alcohol in the population of a country, particularly in a country 20 liters of alcohol drunk inhabitant per year, while in Sweden the consumption is 5 liters per person per year. Cirrhotic disease rate is also much higher, 24 people per hundred thousand inhabitants, and Sweden is in two people in a hundred thousand.

A person,after a year of drinking alcohol in large quantities and has psychic and physical dependence.

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Effects of consumption

With moderate consumption are the main effects feeling of relaxation, release and increased self-confidence, talkativeness, decreased attention and euphoria. As the amount is increased all these symptoms negatively accentuated by adopting an incongruous speech, uncoordinated movements and balance, loss of reflexes and even knowledge, to produce intoxication or intoxicated with stirring, diplopia ( double vision) and the risk of respiratory arrest.

In addition, each gram of alcohol contains 7 Kcal, which accumulate as fat in most people, causing overweight.

What is the risk consumption?

To determine whether there is risk consumption is measured in Standard Drink Units (UBE):

Pathologies associated with alcoholism

Baseline characteristics of this disease include loss of appetite, sleep disorders, high blood pressure, anemia, impotence, hand tremors, diarrhea, etc.

Long term effects such as different pathologies associated gastritis, gastrointestinal ulcers, liver disease (hepatitis and cirrhosis), 80% of all chronic pancreatitis and most acute. Also causes a deficiency of vitamin B1 and affects production of erythrocytes mechanism, especially lymphocytes, so addicts often suffer diseases that are more infectious. This list is thickened with cardiovascular, neurological, alcoholic dementia and psychosis.

Alcohol is a depressant brain, although it produces symptoms of euphoria. When it reaches the brain most affected is the area of the cortex, the most characteristic part we have the human and the most developed. The higher the dose of alcohol, more structural parts of the brain is affected, and it is producing the final depression, as dangerous for the organism.

The alcohol withdrawal syndrome is a cluster of symptoms that appear for the cessation or reduction of consumption. These occur after a prolonged period of high intakes of alcohol and may develop hours or days after discontinuation: morning sickness, tremors in the limbs, tongue and even face, anxiety, sweating, insomnia, nausea, vomiting and visual hallucinations (usually be related to insects and can last several days), in extreme cases, delirium tremens, which can even cause death occurs.

Psychosocial consequences

At the household level, psychosocial consequences are characterized by increased irritability by the patient, which promotes the occurrence of fights, abuse, abandonment of family and even separation.

On the social level, we see a loss of relationships, the emergence of legal and legal, riots, accidents and reckless problems.

At work, absences may occurs when alcohol is already well established, performance degradation, accidents, losses and layoffs.

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How to leave the consume?

Medical treatment must begin with detoxification, which can be so ambulatory or hospital. After preventing, the consumption of alcohol is often given tranquilizers to reduce anxiety caused by withdrawal, called benzodiazepines during the first days.

Then it has to maintain abstinence by alcohol addiction, for it is given other medicines that prevent the return to drinking once you have stopped using. Individual and group therapy are also performed counseling and follow-up visits.

Some of the ways of dealing with quitting are:

  • Testing different ways to reject the offer, “No, thanks, I’m on medication …”
  • Remember the list of reasons why drinking is not the best option.
  • Practice relaxation techniques such as deep and slow breathing.
  • Wait a few minutes for the desire to be passed.
  • Distracted by activities that occupy the time.
  • Thinking of alcohol does not solve problems, on the contrary, prevents clear thinking.

Stop drinking improves the quality of life:

There are many benefits to stop the consumption of alcohol, as having greater mental agility, increased fitness, increased appetite, enjoy better mood, drive more safely, save money, more concentration and work performance, and increased self-esteem. Visit more heath tips.

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